Russian painting

In this part of exposition you can see the evolution of Russian painting 18-the beginning of 20th centuries. 18th century is the time of classicistic style. The main genre was a parade portrait. This picture shows us a boy of7, abastard son of Queen Ekaterina the Great & Count Grigory Orlov. The boy is dressed according to adult fashion of that time (bowdered wig, court sword [ko:t so:d], hat). He looks like small adult. Princess Anastasia Davydova painted at the age of 5. But she is also dressed like adult lady. In the 18th century there were no such thing as childhood. People tried to pass this period as quickly as possible. Classicistic style is also exposed with sceneries of artist Fyodor Matveev. Matveev graduated from Art Academy with gold medal & was awarded a journey to Italy. This Italian views are created according to style demands. At that time artists did not go out to the plein air. It was necessary to depict ideal nature & the picture was created in a workshop, it was collected image. This is a portrait of a merchant of the first half of 19th century. This is F. Trapesnikov, the former peasant of Countess Orlova-Chesmenskaya. And here is a document that gave freedom & a text of ode devoted to the Countess. Painting of the middle of 19th century is exposed with the pictures of Aivasovskiy. Aivasovskiy is the author of about 6 thousand paintings of see. He participated 120 expositions in Russia & abroad. The artist was very popular. He was an honoured member of Russian & some European Art Academies. The historical genre of second part of 19th century has two schools: academic & realistic. The last one had such artist as N.N. Ge. In museum we have author’s copy of his famous picture “Peter the Great examines prince Alexei in Petergof”. Here we see some features of this school: chosen topics are contemporary or from not remote past, the reality of details, psychologism. Academic school is that a drawing of V.A. Kotarbinsky “Jewish crosses Chermnoe see”. Topics of that school are from ancient history & mythology & scenes from the Bible. Their pictures are much more close to ancient tragedy then to reality: the heroes are in unnatural poses, the emotions are exaggerated. The painting of the second part of 19th century is exposed with three landscopes of I.I. Shishkin. He was called a singer of Russian forest, this his paintings are called “Evening forest”, “Forest at the seaside” & “Pine tree on the sand”. We have pictures of K.E. Makovskiy, which are reffered to salon painting. For example , “Children of Mr. Balashov” is ordered full-dress portrait. It is pictured masterfully, it shows a lot of love to the facture of things. The painting of the boundary of 19-20 centuries is exposed with pictures of famous artists. This is self portrait with daughters of Z.E. Serebryakova. Her uncle artist A. Benua called her painting “the art of shining vitality”. It’s hard to imagine that full of life portrait was painted in 1921 when artist underwent the death of her husband & she left with 4 children without any orders in cold & starving Petrograd. The same year a portrait was bought by association of stimulation of artists & given to our museum. In the hall there is fine collection of Applied & Decoration Arts of China & Japan. Here are such complicated technics as stone & wood carving, lacquer, enamel, New Year pictures & famous chinaware (porcelain). All images on Chinese & Japanese products are symbols. For example, a teapot made as a peach is a wishing of longevity & two peaches together is a wishing to husband & wife live till old age. At the end of review you can see the development of porcelain production & glassmaking of Russia in 18th – the beginning of 20th centuries, & also the production of Pervomaiskiy porcelain manufacture in Pesochnoe.


Rybinsk State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum Preserve
Russia, Yaroslavl Region, Rybinsk, Volzhskaya Embankment, 2
Tel.: +7 (4855) 28-40-04